Les pêches dans la planification spatiale marine au crible des géotechnologies : perspectives critiques sur le « spatial » et « l’environnement ».

Abstract : This manuscript prepared for the French university degree in geography needed to access the rank of full professor, deals with the relationships between social groups and the maritime space. It builds on the example of fishing activities in the context of marine spatial planning (MSP). The core question could be packaged in a single sentence: what does the specific case of fisheries tell us about the meaning given to "space" and "environment" in maritime planning and management? This question is here screened by geographic information technologies or "geo-technologies". To tackle this, the manuscript is structured in three stages. The first is to analyze MSP initiatives around the world in order to understand to what it corresponds in reality, especially to observ if the promise to reconcile development and conservation is reached. The second step is to study how - through the example of fisheries - geo-technologies are engaged in MSP processes, in particular what is their ability to stabilize relations of domination through the alignment of norms of spatial representation on those of dominant interests expressed here by zoning. To this end, all MSP documents worldwide are mobilized to analyze the way in which fisheries are "inscribed" or not. Finally, the third and last step is to test the potential of geo-technologies in terms of re-politicization of MSP approaches. This test is carried out through an experimentation dealing with the case of fisheries in France where MSP is emerging.
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Brice Trouillet. Les pêches dans la planification spatiale marine au crible des géotechnologies : perspectives critiques sur le « spatial » et « l’environnement ».. Géographie. Université de Nantes, 2018. ⟨tel-01961744⟩

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