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La forêt d'eucalyptus à Addis Abeba : valorisation, gestion et préservation de la ressource boisée dans une capitale en expansion

Abstract : This thesis explores the evolving place of forest areas in a changing African capital. Eucalyptus has been introduced in Addis Ababa more than 100 years ago in order to meet the locals' demand for timber as well as wood fuel. This urban and suburban forest was planted together with the capital's population growth. Yet, the new planning choices made by local authorities promote the advance of a vertical built environment, which is not anymore consistent with the proximity of those productive green areas. Moreover, this variety is highly criticized for its alleged harmful impacts on the environment. This study seeks to give an account of the duality that arise between the will to provide the Ethiopian capital with a modem image and the continuity of popular forestry practices at work on those forest areas. The analysis is based on a qualitative survey of urban authorities and stakeholders of the "eucalyptus' chain" strategies and explores the new environmental practices in Addis Ababa. The over-representation of international stakeholders in the city is an ideal vector for the promotion of global narratives which influence the local authorities' perceptions of that tree. Indeed, local authorities promote some specific functions for the forest, while controlling the access to the resource and the practices linked to the eucalyptus. The tensions that drive the urban authorities' planning choices highlight the difficulties in reconciling environmental and economic stakes in Addis Ababa.
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Delphine Ayerbe. La forêt d'eucalyptus à Addis Abeba : valorisation, gestion et préservation de la ressource boisée dans une capitale en expansion. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H102⟩. ⟨tel-01959195⟩

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