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Reliability and security of embedded communication systems in intelligent vehicular networks : modeling and optimization

Abstract : Vehicle-to-anything (V2X) refers to an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) where the vehicles and infrastructure systems are all interconnected with each other. This connectivity provides precise knowledge of the traffic situations across the entire road network which in turn helps to enhance traffic safety, reduce congestion time, avoid economic losses, in addition to enable a variety of novel ITS applications for road safety and passenger infotainment. V2X communications is based on two technologies; Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) which is an essential technology for realizing V2X and cellular networks which provide an o_-the-shelf potential solution for V2X communications. Although the research community has achieved much great progress on V2X study, there are still some challenges that need to be overcome and some key issues that need to be further investigated. This thesis considers two of the most prominent issues; reliability and security of V2X communications. From the reliability perspective, we first propose User Model-based Method to evaluate the capacity of IEEE 802.11p-based DSRC standard to meet the Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements of safety messages dissemination. The novelty of the method lies in its application which avoids the problem of defining a Markovian model by determining the steady state moments of the induced delay process. This applicability feature provides important insights about IEEE 802.11p design parameters and its functionality leading to proposed reconfigurations for enhanced performance. Moreover, we propose Regenerative model, that we believe to be the first to address the problem of interconnected-traffic process characterization in large-scale hybrid V2X networks. The latter is a primary concern in achieving efficient and adequate operability for large-scale vehicular networks. From the security perspective, we introduce a new optimization methodology which ties the QoS requirements of different application classes with the basic design parameters of the contention resolution mechanism in IEEE 802.11p MAC protocol. In addition, a novel detection algorithm for jamming attacks in the vehicular environment is proposed. The algorithm utilizes the developed optimization methodology to de_ne a detection threshold. By integrating the sequential detection of change method it traces and detects jamming attacks whenever the threshold value is crossed. Analytical and simulation experimentations have been performed for each contribution to show the validity of the proposed methods/models and to prove their efficiency.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2018 - 2:03:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 3:59:57 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01959040, version 1



Fatma Salem. Reliability and security of embedded communication systems in intelligent vehicular networks : modeling and optimization. Mobile Computing. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambresis, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018VALE0034⟩. ⟨tel-01959040⟩



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