Du récit concentrationnaire à la scène chez Iakovos Kambanellis : raconter et représenter Mauthausen

Abstract : A Greek playwright, Iakovos Kambanellis drew on his personal experience of the concentration camp to write, two decades later, his only narrative work, Mauthausen. Taking this work as a central point, our research questions the links existing between a text born of the concentrationary experience and the theatre of this author. Our choice is to frame the narrative in an autobiographical perspective, allowing us to explore and connect Mauthausen to the genre of “littérature concentrationnaire” (concentrationary literature) and reveal the stage setting of a “tombeau littéraire” (literary funeral monument). Next we examine the thematic and ideological challenges of the author’s writing as related to his traumatic experience. We review the plays which can be linked to the trauma of a man returning from the camp to a country in the throes of civil war. Motifs and themes of the “littérature concentrationnaire” are revealed in several plays. Ulysses, a recurrent figure in the theatrical writing of Kambanellis, appears to symbolize the survivor’s identity. Finally, we observe how the tensions between diegesis and mimesis achieve a dynamic resolution. The positions of narrator and character are examined and inscribed in a real/imaginary world in which the use of the myth transfigures the concentrationary experience and invests it with its political dimension. We review also Kambanellis’s notion of illusion, and how he devoted his talent to the interplay and to the mystery of the imaginary, of the ὑποτίθεται, which refers in our opinion in part to his concentrationary experience.
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Solange Livanis. Du récit concentrationnaire à la scène chez Iakovos Kambanellis : raconter et représenter Mauthausen. Linguistique. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIL3H007⟩. ⟨tel-01958563⟩

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