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La labilité émotionnelle est-elle un facteur de sévérité du Trouble Déficit de l’Attention Hyperactivité ?

Abstract : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattentive, hyperactive and/or impulsive symptoms. Emotional lability is frequently associated with the disorder. It can cover several manifestations. These manifestations are sometimes that serious that there are parts of a disorder: the Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder recently added to the DSM-5. Is emotional lability a core symptom of ADHD or one of a comorbid disorder? Is it featured with different symptoms and functional impairment in children with ADHD? This PhD work tried to provide elements to respond to these questions assessing the psychopathological profile associated with emotional lability as a categorical and dimensional feature at two crucial developmental periods: the preschool and the school aged. Four studies are part of this PhD work: three in clinical population and one in general population. Results emphasized that emotional lability is associated with more severe symptoms and functional impairment in both preschool a school aged children. Results were similar when emotional lability was assessed as a dimensional feature and as a categorical feature. Nevertheless, the dimensional approach of emotional lability seemed relevant identifying children with ADHD and emotional lability that were at special need for interventions, beyond the ADHD one. Moreover, emotional lability and irritability seemed associated with different clinical outcomes. These results suggested the value of the emotional lability assessment and of its others manifestations in the ADHD diagnosis in children. A qualitative and quantitative approach seems promising in preventing prodromal ADHD and in its prognostic. This might serve targeting adapted interventions in order to inflect potential harmful developmental trajectories.
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Jenna Maire. La labilité émotionnelle est-elle un facteur de sévérité du Trouble Déficit de l’Attention Hyperactivité ?. Psychologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BORD0421⟩. ⟨tel-01956584⟩

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