Équations d'état des produits de détonation des explosifs solides

Abstract : The calculation of detonation characteristics of condensed explosives requires the use of equations of state to model the behavior of the detonation products. However, the extreme pressures and temperatures of these products complicate the development of an equation of state, which is valid from hundreds of kilobars to hundreds of bars range. Numerous investigations in this field have resulted in the development of a large number of theoretical or empirical equations of state. Unfortunately, none of them have been entirely satisfactory. This work addressed the low-pressure range validity of the JWL equation of state and the BKW equation, respectively, used in hydrodynamic codes and the thermochemical codes for the products of energetic materials. The first equation of state considers the mixture of products on a macroscopic scale whereas the second one provides a more detailed description by considering the various phases of the products. The detonation products are composed of simple molecules and solid carbon particles. To this end, a numerical and experimental investigation was undertaken involving two explosive compositions: Composition B (RDX/TNT) and octoviton (HMX/Viton). Impedance matching of energetic materials with inert materials tests were performed to expand the detonation products from a hundred kilobars to a few bars. The setup was instrumented with innovative diagnostics not commonly used in detonation research: ultra-fast emission spectroscopy and high frequency interferometry. The former was used for carrying out the spectral analysis in the visible spectrum range of detonation products during their expansion. Two thermal signatures were identified in the experimental spectra: one associated with radiation from ionised gases, the other with radiation from solid particles of carbon. The latter was used to continuously record shock-wave propagation in the different media (explosive and inert materials). These experiments were simulated using the Ouranos hydrodynamic code and the SIAME thermochemical code from CEA. The experimental and numerical results were in agreement up to pressures of the order of 1 kbar. These measurements offer a set of validation points for the equations of state of detonation products implemented in numerical codes.
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Sandra Poeuf. Équations d'état des produits de détonation des explosifs solides. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ESMA0007⟩. ⟨tel-01955764⟩

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