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Dispositif conformable de récupération d'énergie radiofréquence : vers l'autonomie des objets communicants

Abstract : Electronics has undergone an unquestionable evolution in recent years. The progress made gives more efficient circuits and smaller, but especially more and more energy efficient. This evolution, combined with advances in the digital and IT domain, has enabled the expansion of Internet of Things (IoT) applications based on the massive deployment of autonomous wireless communicating sensors. The first generations of sensor could only work during the time of discharge of their battery. One of the proposed ways to extend the autonomy of objects is to use the ambient energy. Several technologies have been developed to optimize the energy harvesting depending on the environment of the sensor. The work of this thesis allows developing RF energy harvesters in three steps. The first part studies antennas structures compatible with the energy harvesting. Each antenna is optimized to either recover more energy or better integrate into the environment. The second step focuses on the RF / DC conversion circuit. The study of different circuits architectures, diodes and number of stages potentially relevant for our application, allowed realising circuits able to work with our antennas. Each circuit was then optimized to increase its conversion efficiency and its sensitivity. The final step was to assemble an antenna with a rectifier to characterize the complete harvester according two different scenarios: opportunistic energy harvesting and energy transfer conditions.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 14, 2018 - 12:49:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01955432, version 1

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Romain Berges. Dispositif conformable de récupération d'énergie radiofréquence : vers l'autonomie des objets communicants. Electronique. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0117⟩. ⟨tel-01955432⟩

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