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Theses

Magnetogenetic Control of Intracellular Signaling Pathways

Abstract : Controlling the spatio-temporal organization of biomolecules inside living cells is a major rerequisite for deciphering mechanisms governing cell signaling and its regulation. In this thesis project, a new method to induce a highly specific and local perturbation of signaling pathways inside living cells is presented: magnetogenetics. It is based on the use of biofunctionalized magnetic nanoparticles, to induce and maintain protein gradients inside living cells. We tailored the size and surface properties of both synthetic silica core shell nanoparticles and superparamagnetic GFP-ferritin-based nanoparticles in order to ensure unhindered mobility in the cytosol. These nanoparticles can be rapidly localized in living cells by exploiting biased diffusion at weak magnetic forces in the fN range. In combination with nanoparticles' surface functionalization for specific in situ capturing of target proteins as well as efficient delivery into the cytosplasm, this work presents a novel technology for controlling intracellular protein gradients with a spatial resolution of micrometers and a temporal resolution of a few tens of seconds. In this work we showed the possibility to precisely control the perturbation of the signaling pathways associated to the small Rho GTPases proteins with relative quantification on signal propagation in terms of effector recruitment and morphological changes.
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Chiara Vicario. Magnetogenetic Control of Intracellular Signaling Pathways. Physics [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066581⟩. ⟨tel-01954802⟩

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