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Vladimir Fock (1898-1974) : itinéraire externaliste d'une pensée internaliste. Antiréductionnisme et réalisme scientifique en physique moderne

Abstract : Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock is a physicist well-known by the scientific community for his important contributions to the theories of quantum mechanics and general relativity. He is also a major actor in the debate on the interpretation of these two major theories of the XXth century, following an approach that clearly claims dialectical materialism ñ an ideology then largely imposed by the Soviet authorities in the USSR - as fundamental. Our work mostly focuses on this aspect of Fock's career, explored too partially in the history of science. More specifically, we reconsider the scientific and philosophical roots of the non-orthodox interpretations of quantum mechanics and general relativity developed by Fock. By reconstructing his epistemological approach we put forward that the physicist was guided by an antireductionist and a scientific realist conception of his discipline. This basis gives us the possibility to discuss the reasons why dialectical materialism was a real influence on the scientist thought. Thus, by following the observation of the sincere adoption by Fock of the Soviet ideology, we put back the question of the interpretation of the theories of modern physics in its socio-cultural context. We observe Fock's trajectory as a defender of quantum mechanics and relativity theory against the different ideological and political attacks they may undergo in Soviet Union. We also study the influence of context on the actual wording of their interpretations and finally we develop the issues related to their diffusion in the local and worldwide community of physicists. To summarize, this thesis helps to reconsider the interest of Fock's thought in the history of modern physics
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 13, 2018 - 12:42:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 12, 2020 - 10:32:46 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 14, 2019 - 1:35:13 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01953871, version 1


Jean-Philippe Martinez. Vladimir Fock (1898-1974) : itinéraire externaliste d'une pensée internaliste. Antiréductionnisme et réalisme scientifique en physique moderne. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC077⟩. ⟨tel-01953871⟩



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