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Implication du système de sécrétion de type VI de la souche Pseudomonas fluorescens MFE01 dans l'activité antibactérienne, la formation de biofilm et l'inhibition de mobilité.

Abstract : Type VI secretion system (T6SS) is a multiproteic apparatus that secreted proteinaceous effectors. T6SS participate in a variety of functions, whose eukaryote virulence, antibacterial activity or metal ion uptake. These capacities conferring an advantage in adaptation and competition, crucial to colonization or persistence within ecological niche. As well, only a few studies have focused on the T6SS functions of environmental strains, contrary to numerous studies dealing with pathogens as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia thailandensis, Vibrio cholerae or Escherichia coli. The purpose of my research project was to characterize the T6SS function(s) of the environmental strain Pseudomonas fluorescens MFE01. This work had led to understand the various functions of T6SS of MFE01 strain. This strain has a single T6SS cluster where all the core component proteins were gathered, except hcp genes. Three orphan hcp genes where found and are scattered in genome. Hcp proteins form the inner tube allowing effectors secretion. Both Hcp2 and Hcp3 proteins were involved in antibacterial activity on pathogens or environmental strains like P. aeruginosa, P. fluorescens or Pectobacterium atrosepticum. Characterization of Hcp1 proteins role constituted a major focus of this project. Hcp1 proteins participate to motility inhibition of competitive strains through T6SS. Hcp1 may be associated with secretion of at least two toxins perturbing the flagellar filament assembly. In MFE01Δhcp1 and MFE01ΔtssC mutants (Tss is a contractile sheath constituent), these toxins may be accumulated into cytoplasm and perturb assembly of their own flagella. Interestingly, overproduction of FliA flagellar regulator, which controls assembly of flagellar filament, restores motility of both mutants. Simultaneously, T6SS of MFE01 strain contributes to maturation and biofilm formation but also in bacterial competition within mixed biofilm. T6SS may be a mean of bacterial communication and thus coordinate a social behavior, primordial for biofilm formation.
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Mathias Gallique. Implication du système de sécrétion de type VI de la souche Pseudomonas fluorescens MFE01 dans l'activité antibactérienne, la formation de biofilm et l'inhibition de mobilité.. Biologie moléculaire. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR087⟩. ⟨tel-01953457⟩

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