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The biogeochemical role of zooplankton for nitrogen and phosphorus recycling in the ocean

Abstract : Zooplankton are important suppliers of bioreactive compounds for marine bacteria through fecal pellet production, sloppy feeding and excretion of dissolved compounds. However, the interaction between zooplankton metabolism and microbial loop is poorly understand. Based on experimental approach we determine the role of zooplankton in the recycling of N and P in the central/southern Chile and in western tropical south pacific (WTSP). DON was the main excretion product under autumn/winter conditions, and ammonium and DOP in spring/summer in central/southern Chile. in the autumn/winter ammonium was rapidly consumed by microbial community and this consumption coincided with increased archaea and bacteria ammonia-oxidizing amoA transcript copies in copepods fed with the larger-sized fraction, whereas a different microbial community, probably heterotrophic, reacted to the input by copepods fed with the smaller-sized fraction. During spring/summer a shift in the composition of active bacterial community was associated with the response of common-opportunistic seawater surface phyla, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. In the WTSP, copepods contributed elevated levels of ammonium, DON and DOP. Copepod excretion can enhance the remineralization process and reshape the composition of the active bacterial community, characterized by shifts in Alteromonadales and SAR11. We concluded that N and P excreted by copepods can be used directly by microbial community, including nitrifying ones, providing significant remineralized N for sustaining new and regenerated production in the upper ocean of different marine ecosystems.
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Valentina Valdés. The biogeochemical role of zooplankton for nitrogen and phosphorus recycling in the ocean. Oceanography. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI; Universidad de Concepción (Chili), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066608⟩. ⟨tel-01953024⟩

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