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A catch-and-release purification method to simplify the synthesis of cysteine-rich peptides

Abstract : Although solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is a mature and widely popularized technique for simple peptides, some sequences are still complicated to produce, such as disulfide-rich peptides (DRPs). These natural products are able to selectively bind a wide number of therapeutically relevant targets, hence they are considered as promising drug candidates and pharmacological tools. The large proportion of cysteines in their sequence (more than 10%) confers them remarkable properties, but also limits their synthesis, lead ingto delicate HPLC purifications associated with low yields and poor purity.With the aim to simplify the chemical production of DRPs, we have developed an N-terminal linker: Boc-Cys(Trt)-1-{6-[1,3-dimethyl-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)trioxopyrimidine-5-ylidene]hexyl}, which can be used for non chromatographiccatch-and-release purifications. It has been designed to be completely compatible with unprotected cysteine-containing peptides. Following solid phase elongation, this linker is selective lyintroduced at the N-terminus of the target peptide, leaving unreacted truncated acetylated peptides which are the main co-products of SPPS. After cleavage from the SPPS resin, the target peptide is immobilized on a second solid support through native chemical ligation (NCL). The truncated peptides are then removed by simple filtration. Cleavage of the linker finally releases the purified peptide into solution.Having in mind the future extension our strategy to the synthesis of very long DRPs through successive solid-supported NCLs of multiple peptide segments, we have studied in detail the stability and cleavage conditions of the N-terminal linker.To explore the scope and limitations of the method, it has been applied to the purification of two biologically-relevant cysteine-rich peptide sequences: chicken AvBD2 (36 AA), a β defensin antimicrobial peptide, and Bv8 (77 AA), a prokineticin-like peptide from yellow-bellied toad.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 12, 2018 - 1:07:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01952739, version 1



Alba Casas Mora. A catch-and-release purification method to simplify the synthesis of cysteine-rich peptides. Other. Université d'Orléans, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ORLE2050⟩. ⟨tel-01952739⟩