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Les effets macroéconomiques des envois de fonds dans les pays d'origine des migrants : croissance économique, vulnérabilités et politiques publiques

Abstract : This thesis studies the impacts of remittances in migrants' origin countries. Six different chapters focus on economic growth, volatility and public policies. The first chapter aims to estimate the impacts of remittances on growth through several channels: households' consumption, investment and exports. It is shown that remittances stimulate internal demand, while exports are reduced. The second chapter proposes a stock-flow consistent model for Moldova and suggests that remittances spread external shocks to the Moldovan economy. Chapter three shows that migrants' concentration in few host countries, as well as their instability, increase the volatility of remittances. Chapter four stresses that instable remittances enhance output growth volatility in migrants' origin countries when associated with important trade flows between both origin and destination countries. The fifth chapter focuses on public health spending and shows that remittances increase out-of-pocket health expenditure while crowding-out public health expenditure. The last chapter highlights the role of remittances on the economic development of Moldova. It suggests that both households and government revenues depend on remittances, whose fluctuations cast doubts about the economic sustainability of the Moldovan model of development.
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Nicolas Yol. Les effets macroéconomiques des envois de fonds dans les pays d'origine des migrants : croissance économique, vulnérabilités et politiques publiques. Economies et finances. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0835⟩. ⟨tel-01948882⟩

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