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Catalyseurs performants pour le traitement de la pollution organique azotée par Oxydation en Voie Humide Catalytique

Abstract : Manganese oxide-based catalysts have been synthesized through different routes and evaluated in the Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation of ammonia. Such catalysts are active, selective towards molecular nitrogen and stable under the applied reaction conditions. Molecular nitrogen and nitrite are primary products. A detailed study of the impact of the operating conditions (manganese content, oxygen partial pressure, ammonia concentration, initial pH, and charge at the catalyst surface) on the catalytic performances was carried out. The selectivity in molecular nitrogen is optimum when i) the amount of catalyst is low, ii) the ratio nO2:nNH4+ is close to stoichiometry (˜ 0.75) and ii) the pH at the point of zero charge of the catalyst is neutral. Although strongly basic conditions (pH 13) improve the catalytic activity, the conversion nitrite to nitrate is inhibited and the selectivity in molecular nitrogen is degraded. From a kinetic point of view, the reaction order with respect to oxygen and ammonia are 0 and 1, respectively. The influence of the oxidation state of manganese (+II, +III and +IV) in the presence of bulk manganese oxides or ceria-supported manganese oxides indicated that the active site would consist of a pair of Mn(+III) and Mn(+IV). The reaction makes the active site and the oxides where manganese is initially present at a low oxidation state are markedly modified upon reaction. A synergy between manganese and cerium is also confirmed, involving the two Mn(+III)/Mn(+IV) and Ce(+III)/Ce(+IV) redox couples in a concerted way
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Hana Ayadi. Catalyseurs performants pour le traitement de la pollution organique azotée par Oxydation en Voie Humide Catalytique. Catalyse. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1273⟩. ⟨tel-01948671⟩

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