Représenter la découverte en sciences naturelles : étude sémiotique sur la médiation scientifique : le cas des publications scientifiques du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle

Abstract : As part of this research, we ask the following question: how do we represent the botanical discovery in natural sciences? Our approach will be semiotic and particularly based on Greimassian theory, which we will also link to a semantic analysis derived from the works of François Rastier. As scientific representation closely articulates linguistic text and visual text, this study will engage our object with a perspective that takes into account the visual system. The latter will be questioned in particular through the writings of Maria Giulia Dondero, Jacques Fontanillle, Anne Beyaert-Geslin and Jean-Marie Klinkenberg. With this theoretical foundation, our research objective will allow us to understand the mechanisms at work regarding the representation of non-human life-forms. Text will be at the heart of our research. He will suppose that we approach him from the point of view of the utterance, but also of the enunciation. This second part of our research will rely on the theory of the enunciation developped by Emile Benveniste. As our study aims to test the theory, therefore our research will integrate an empirical dimension based on an experimental reading project that uses eye-tracking. This will allow us to question meaning in the systematized modes of expression that have constructed scientific discourse in discovery for at least two centuries. Within a circumscribed corpus from the scientific publications of the National Museum of Natural History, we will define and explain the course of discovery and its monstrative strategies. This will lead us to question our ways of thinking. Let us think that the mediation of our representations (the appearance) is the reflection of an ontological dimension (being). It makes us knowledgeable, conscious and able to act accordingly.
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Céline Cholet. Représenter la découverte en sciences naturelles : étude sémiotique sur la médiation scientifique : le cas des publications scientifiques du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BOR30019⟩. ⟨tel-01946965⟩

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