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From product design to supply chain design : Which methodologies for the upstream stages of innovation?

Abstract : This thesis contributes to scientific research through different aspects. First of all, the product/supply chain couple, traditionally thought of in a causalistic way, was considered through the prism of the complexity paradigm. This theoretical contribution underlines the need to co-design the product/supply chain couple in order to mitigate the efforts associated with launching an innovative product on the market and to ensure its success. However, an empirical study has pointed out that few companies consider the supply chain when designing their innovative product. In this context, supply chain design engineering was developed based on product design data in order to design, specify, validate and implement the supply chain of a new product. This engineering is divided into three major stages: a co-design stage, a positioning stage and an evaluation stage. The co-design stage aims to collect and process the product design data provided by the project team. An instantiated supply chain model was developed to collect the data needed to design the supply chain which is then processed to facilitate modeling. The positioning stage aims to highlight the role of the innovative company within the various supply chain scenarios obtained. Based on the Harmony for System Engineering process and its Rational Rhapsody® tool, this step details the supply chain from a point of view of requirements, stakeholders, processes and behavior (each represented by different diagrams) in order to elaborate different scenarios. Finally, the last step aims to evaluate these supply chain scenarios in order to establish a coherent strategy. Indeed, many researchers have shown that an agile supply chain is better able to support an innovative product when it is launched in order to adapt more quickly to changes (organizational, tactical, marketing, environmental…). Consequently, a framework based on observable phenomena has been developed to facilitate the implementation of an agility strategy, which makes it possible to evaluate the typology of the current supply chain and decide which actions to implement to obtain a more agile supply chain. This engineering has been tested with manufacturing companies
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 6, 2018 - 2:07:06 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 8, 2018 - 9:45:53 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 1:25:25 PM

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Brunelle Marche. From product design to supply chain design : Which methodologies for the upstream stages of innovation?. Engineering Sciences [physics]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0155⟩. ⟨tel-01946850⟩

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