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Recherche de partenaires potentiels de la protéine Damaged-DNA Binding 2 dans la régulation de l’expression génique : le cas des heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein K et J dans la régulation du gène NFKBIA

Abstract : The laboratory has recently identified the DDB2 (Damaged-DNA Binding 2) protein as a regulator of target gene expression like SOD2, BCL2 and NFKBIA, thus conferring to this protein a role in control of metastatic progression and therapeutic response of breast cancer cells. However, the real activity of DDB2 in gene transcription remains to be defined because its structure cannot entirely explain its influence on target gene expression. This protein can act either as an inhibitor like for the SOD2 and BCL2 genes or as an enhancer like for the NFKBIA gene, encoding IκBα protein. This suggests that DDB2 must associate with, or promote recruitment, of inhibitors or activators of gene transcription. In order to search and identify potential partners that could participate in its transcriptional activity, we developed a “DNA pull-down” approach associated with a global proteomic analysis by mass spectrometry from MCF-7 breast cancer cells overexpressing naturally DDB2. With this approach, we reveal the presence of the UV-DDB complex composed by DDB2, DDB1 and Cullin 4A proteins on the SOD2 and NFKBIA gene promoters. We also highlighted that this complex, known for its role in first steps of UV-induced DNA lesion repair, promotes the recruitment of the p300 histone acetyl transferase on the NFKBIA gene promoter, which may explain, in part, the enhancer activity of DDB2 on this target gene. The proteomic analysis from the “DNA pull-down” also reveals, with originality, the presence of heterogeneous ribonucleoproteins K and J (hnRNP K and J) on the NFKBIA gene promoter with a high recovery score among many other proteins and independently of any physical interaction with DDB2. The J form, very poorly described, shows a higher affinity for NFKBIA gene promoter than the K form. Furthermore, we observed that the J form is strictly nuclear and mostly bound to chromatin, while the K form is also found in cytoplasm. Interestingly, we show that the J form is overexpressed in nucleus of metastatic breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells by comparison with non-metastatic breast cancer T47D cells. Then, we evaluated the importance of hnRNP K and J proteins in NFKBIA gene transcription compared with DDB2 and with a well-known regulator, the Sp1 transcription factor. Our results show that hnRNP K and J proteins, when they are overexpressed, play a repressor role on NFKBIA gene expression by binding on its promoter even in presence of DDB2 and Sp1 activators. Taken together, these data show that some proteins could participate in DDB2 transcriptional activity, like the UV-DDB complex and the p300 protein. Outside of any interaction with DDB2, this work highlights a relationship between the hnRNP K and J proteins, and NF-κB constitutive activity, especially with the J form. This latter has an expression correlated with aggressiveness of breast cancer cells and a potential clinical interest as a predictive marker of metastatic progression, like DDB2
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01946561
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 6, 2018 - 10:51:22 AM
Last modification on : Friday, December 7, 2018 - 1:20:53 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 1:11:50 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01946561, version 1

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Guillaume Drouot. Recherche de partenaires potentiels de la protéine Damaged-DNA Binding 2 dans la régulation de l’expression génique : le cas des heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein K et J dans la régulation du gène NFKBIA. Cancer. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0152⟩. ⟨tel-01946561⟩

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