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Hadronic showers in a highly granular silicon-tungsten calorimeter and production of bottom and top quarks at the ILC

Abstract : This thesis presents studies for the International Linear Collider (ILC),a linear electron-positron collider with a nominal center-of-mass energy of 500 GeV. Data are analysed that were recorded with the physics prototype of the CALICE silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter (Si-W ECAL) prototype at FermiLab in 2008. During this thesis, a track-finding algorithm was developed, which finds secondary tracks in hadronic events recorded by the Si-W ECAL physics prototype. This algorithm reveals details of hadronic interactions in the detector volume and the results are compared with simulations based on the geant4 toolkit.Indirect searches of New Physics require a high precision on the measurements of the Standard Model parameters. Many Beyond Standard Model theories, like extradimentional or composite models, imply modifications of electroweak couplings of the heavy quarks, top and bottom. The second part of the thesis is a full simulation study of vertexing algorithms in the ILD environment and the reconstruction of the b-quark charge. The b-quark charge reconstruction is essential for many physics channels at the ILC, particularly, for the e+ e− → bb̄ and the e+ e− → tt̄ channels. The developed algorithm improves the b-quark charge reconstruction performance.The b-quark charge reconstruction methods are applied to the tt̄ production process. This allows to increase statistics for the top quark electroweak form factor estimation w.r.t an earlier study and thus to decrease corresponding statistical uncertainties.The results of the detector study allow for an estimation of the ILC precision on the b-quark electroweak couplings and form factors. The ILC will be able to resolve the LEP anomaly in the bb̄ production process. The ILC precision on the right-handed Z⁰bb̄ coupling, a prime candidate for effects of new physics, is calculated to be at least 5 times better than theLEP experiments.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01946099
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 5:47:06 PM
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Sviatoslav Bilokin. Hadronic showers in a highly granular silicon-tungsten calorimeter and production of bottom and top quarks at the ILC. High Energy Physics - Experiment [hep-ex]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS599⟩. ⟨tel-01946099⟩

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