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Theses

Les aidants familiaux : de leur reconnaissance à la fraternité

Abstract : More than four million people in France care for a close family member in their daily life. Half of them are children helping their “dependent” relatives due to health problems.Confined to the home for long periods, caregivers have been taken into account by societal choices for the last twenty years. Indeed, their daily investment provides invaluable home-based care, but it can sometimes takes its toll on the caregiver as the family investment can affect their own state of health and social life. Caregivers themselves need support and often feel insufficiently recognized.This thesis focuses on discovering the world of carers for family members and for the elderly known as dependents, starting from the moral aspect of social standards of recognition highlighted by Axel Honneth.Caregivers’ issues have been identified on the basis of the three spheres of recognition that are love, legal relationships and social relationships. They have been considered as many sources of injustice.However, “helping others” can bring its share of moral rewards, despite the unbalanced relationship imposed on the helper. Caregivers’ involvement with their elders are often a source family solidarity based on giving. Not always consciously, caregivers can contribute to a common good, despite an injunctive “familialistic doxa” of the current old-age policies in our country.  The thesis emphasizes the helpers’ commitment with the aim of refuting the individualistic and mercantile vision of the free market society. The example of helpers allows us to consider the social bond by other criteria than competitiveness and performance. The local solidarity that the givers embody next to their vulnerable parents are in line with values conveyed by the care movement.It enables us to reinvest in the motto of fraternity, a foundation of the French Republic, and examines a new spirit of caregiving to others and to community, one that is at the heart of our Democracy’s political questions.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 2:35:07 PM
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Isabelle Robineau. Les aidants familiaux : de leur reconnaissance à la fraternité. Philosophie. Université Paris-Est, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC0037⟩. ⟨tel-01945696⟩

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