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Synthèses et caractérisations de films et de nanocomposites de matériaux à transition de spin pour des applications dans des dispositifs électroniques et mécaniques

Abstract : Nowadays, going from molecules to devices is one of the main challenge in the field of switchable molecular materials. In this context, spin crossover complexes (SCO) are good candidates as they can be reversibly switched from a low spin state to a high spin state with various external stimuli (temperature, light ...). This switch is followed by an important change of their physical properties (magnetic, optical, elastic...). The objective of this Ph.D thesis is to synthetize and characterize films and nanocomposites based on spin crossover materials for applications in electronical and mechanical and optical devices. A first approach to obtain thin film that can be integrated consist in using sublimation technique. To this aim, neutral Fe(II) complexes based on poly(azolyl)borate ligand have been synthetized. Studies of the correlation between spin crossover properties and structural properties have been complemented with synchrotron measurements to determine crystal lattice dynamics parameters. Films of these complexes have been integrated in electrical junction bringing new bistability properties and displaying different conduction mechanisms depending on the SCO film thickness. Films have been also deposited on micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) which demonstrated mechanical bistability. Another approach reside in elaborating composite materials based on polymer and SCO complexes. Thus, a cellulose composite paper based on SCO complexes has been prepared and studied by dynamic mechanical analysis indicating a bistability of its mechanical properties. A proof of concept of a re-writable composite paper using SCO thermochromism has been presented. In another hand, nanocomposites based on the electroactive polymer P(VDF-trFE) (piezo-, pyro- and ferroelectric), and SCO nanoparticles has been synthetized. A study of their electromechanical properties revealed current discharge peaks associated to the SCO phenomenon highlighting a synergy between the two composites constituents.
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Sylvain Rat. Synthèses et caractérisations de films et de nanocomposites de matériaux à transition de spin pour des applications dans des dispositifs électroniques et mécaniques. Chimie de coordination. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30313⟩. ⟨tel-01945235⟩

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