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Approche méthodologique innovante pour le suivi en ligne de procédés de production d’anticorps par cellules animales : apport des techniques spectroscopiques in situ à la stratégie PAT

Abstract : Bioprocesses of mammalian cell culture have become essential for the production of therapeutic recombinant proteins, such as monoclonal antibodies (mAb). However, the physiological state of the cells and the quality of the mAb produced, in particular their glycosylation, may vary during the process, and may lead to the alteration of the safety and efficacy of the final product. Consequently, the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) initiative has encouraged the development of online monitoring techniques, with the aim to better control the process and ensure the quality of the final product. In this context, this thesis proposes innovative approaches for online monitoring of CHO (Chinese Hamster Ovary) cells bioreactor cultures, by using three types of in situ spectroscopic measurements (dielectric, Raman, near infrared (NIR)). The first chapter presents a novel approach to predict in real-time one of the major cell physiological state parameters, the specific growth rate (µ). Based on online permittivity measured by in situ dielectric spectroscopy, the cell concentration was estimated and µ was calculated in real-time, making possible to detect the critical moment when µ begins to decrease significantly. Compared to an offline approach, this online approach allowed to maintain the cells in a stable physiological state, ensuring the glycosylation of the mAb produced in feed-harvest cultures. The second chapter shows the use of in situ NIR and Raman spectroscopies combined with chemometric methods. For the first time, the performances of these two spectroscopies were compared in parallel in the same cultures. Online models were developed to predict in real-time the concentration of different parameters (viable cells, glucose, lactate, glutamine, ammonium ions and antibodies). The evaluation of these models by the multivariate Figures of Merit (FOM) revealed some of the advantages of Raman spectroscopy. The combination of the two spectroscopies by various data fusion strategies has also been evaluated. In the third chapter, the interest of Raman spectroscopy for the online monitoring of both the quantity and the glycosylation of the mAb was demonstrated. Models were developed for online prediction of both macroheterogeneity (glycosylation site occupancy) and microheterogeneity (glycan structures) of mAb glycosylation in batch and feed-harvest cultures. The last chapter used models previously developed for NIR and dielectric spectroscopies, to integrate into a “soft sensor” by combining with cell metabolic and mass balance equations. This “soft sensor”, implemented in a fed-batch cell culture for the automatic control of the feed rate, leads to an increased mAb productivity and better mAb glycosylation
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 4, 2018 - 10:49:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 5, 2018 - 1:21:29 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01943820, version 1

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Mengyao Li. Approche méthodologique innovante pour le suivi en ligne de procédés de production d’anticorps par cellules animales : apport des techniques spectroscopiques in situ à la stratégie PAT. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0151⟩. ⟨tel-01943820⟩

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