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Étude des propriétés thermiques de librairies d’alliages ternaires en couches minces et mise en évidence du transport non-diffusif par spectroscopie thermique pompe-sonde femtoseconde

Abstract : In this work, we studied ultrafast thermal transport at nanoscale in thin films by femtosecond pump-probe thermal spectroscopy. We first developed a high-throughput heterodyne thermoreflectance setup that allows the extraction of thermal properties of a large number of sample in a minimum time, aiming at creating a database of these properties for a large numberof thin film ternary alloys with thermoelectric potential. In the second part of this work, wefocused on the study of thermal transport in three materials : Ge, GaAs and InGaAs. A high resolution phonon spectroscopy setup, along with a spectral reconstruction method allowed usto measure the response of these materials up to several tens of GHz in Fourier domain, which highlighted the presence of non-diffusive thermal transport in InGaAs. Non-diffusive theory,based on Lévy dynamics, allowed us to model this superdiffusion phenomenon and to extract coherent, frequency-independant thermal properties of these materials. Also, high frequency(>GHz) measurements of these spectral responses have shown interesting effects related to the ultrafast thermalisation in transducer-like very thin films. Finally, high-frequency thermal spectroscopy is inherently limited by the intrinsic timing jitter of laser cavities. Thus, the last partof this work was dedicated to developing a timing jitter measurement and active laser synchronisation system in order to increase the signal-to-noise ratio and access higher frequencies in pump-probe thermal spectroscopy experiments.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01941724
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 2, 2018 - 1:11:24 AM
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Quentin d' Acremont. Étude des propriétés thermiques de librairies d’alliages ternaires en couches minces et mise en évidence du transport non-diffusif par spectroscopie thermique pompe-sonde femtoseconde. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0665⟩. ⟨tel-01941724⟩

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