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La participation des citoyens dans les projets d'aménagement urbain à New York

Abstract : To what extent can citizen mobilizations compensate for the limits of representative democracy? Do institutionalized participation procedures play a positive role? After presenting the theoretical debate on participatory democracy, this dissertation focuses on the contribution of civil society to urban development projects in New York City. First, it provides a historical overview of urban development policies and mobilizations in New York. Then it focuses on three projects proposed for the city in the 2000s: the rebuilding of the World Trade Center site, and two stadium and high rise projects, for Manhattan’s West Side and for Brooklyn. These case studies show that neighborhood mobilizations play a crucial but insufficient role in compensating the excessive influence of the real-estate lobby. The progress of participatory democracy has been slow in New York in the last fifty years, but the dynamism of the city’s civil society holds tremendous potential to improve the political system.
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Luc Journé. La participation des citoyens dans les projets d'aménagement urbain à New York. Science politique. Université Paris IV Sorbonne, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01941191⟩



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