Propriétés en fatigue à grand et très grand nombre de cycles et à haute température des superalliages base nickel monogranulaires

Abstract : High and very high cycle fatigue properties of Ni-based single crystal superalloys have been studied at 1000°C using three frequencies (0.5, 70, 20000 Hz), four stress ratios (-1, 0.05, 0.3, 0.8) and CMSX-4 alloy as reference.Firstly, the very high cycle fatigue regime (VHCF) has been studied at 20 kHz. At R = -1, fatal crack always initiates between 106 and 109 cycles from an internal casting pore et then propagates in a crystallographic mode, despite the presence of other metallurgical defects such as eutectics and carbides. The elaboration process controls VHCF life under these conditions as it directly affects casting pore size, whereas microstructure has no relevant influence. At R = 0.8, creep controls VHCF life and makes this regime sensitive to microstructure and alloy’s chemical composition. Long term tests (> 109 cycles) have also been characterized and have enabled to propose a crack initiation mechanism operating in the VHCF regime.Secondly, the influence of frequency on time-dependent damages such as oxidation and creep, and their interaction, has been studied. At R ≤ 0, reducing frequency inhibits the harmfulness of internal critical defects by promoting oxidation surface damage. At R ≥ 0.8, creep damage leads to specimens rupture for all frequency test and loading conditions. Intermediate stress ratios present an important interaction between oxidation, fatigue and creep damage according to the frequency and loading conditions. Based on these observations, a damage model that predicts CMSX-4 fatigue life has been proposed and presents satisfying results in comparison to experimental data.
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Alice Cervellon. Propriétés en fatigue à grand et très grand nombre de cycles et à haute température des superalliages base nickel monogranulaires. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ESMA0009⟩. ⟨tel-01940424⟩

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