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Coordinations de prédicats en mandarin contemporain

Abstract : In this dissertation, we study the syntactic and semantic features of several coordinators of predicates in contemporary Mandarin and analyze the syntactic structures of the coordinate constructions formed by these coordinators. We investigate not only simple but also correlative coordinations. We notice that, on the one hand, the Mandarin simple coordination has most likely a head-specifier-complement structure, as Zhang Ning (2010) has proposed: the coordinator is the head, the external conjunct is the specifier and the internal conjunct is the complement. On the other hand, in contrast to Zhang Ning’s (2008) claim, we discover that the correlative coordinations of Mandarin and those of Germanic languages do not have the same syntactic configurations: the former are composed of one silent conjunction and at least two focus-sensitive particles while the latter, as previous research has noted, are made up of one overt conjunction and one focus-sensitive particle. In addition, we find out that the Mandarin coordinators of predicates differ from one another in at least one of the following respects: the syntactic categories of the elements that they can coordinate, the semantic relationships that they may build between their conjuncts and the possession of a [V] feature or a [-V] feature. Last but not least, we notice that the predicates coordinated by some coordinators must, in most of the cases, have identical aspectual features. We argue that this tendency is related to the type of semantic relationship that these coordinators build between their conjuncts.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 3:54:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 12, 2020 - 10:30:59 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01939625, version 1


Ting-Shiu Lin. Coordinations de prédicats en mandarin contemporain. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC052⟩. ⟨tel-01939625⟩



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