Sagrado, sentido e sabedoria uma trilha na filosofia de Eric Weil

Abstract : The following thesis argues for the singular presence of the concept of sacred and the philosophical categories of Sense and the Wisdom on Éric Weil writings, taking as referencethe first term so that go beyond from a sociological perspective, restricted to Political Philosophy, but present in other works, whether with a defined signification or as well as apointed place. The Sacred does not take on religious characters on Weil's thinking, but it is linked to the tradition field and from the values that allow a certain community to decide amongconflicts, taking on the idea of a decision element and not only of composition of a context for problematization and comprehension of a theme. The walk by the work made possible to setthe concept of Sacred, as well as its permanence with basic characteristics and, beyond this, with a specific place at the text, namely, the sacred is a fundamental concept for the weilianthinking when it is set a conflict situation and it demands to think about criteria in face of crisis. Such importance of the sacred on weilian text on its practical sense evoked the issue ofexistence, for who decided by philosophy, of his sacred too, in other words, is there the sacred for the philosopher, just like there is one for the community who needs to decide? Thefundamental difference is that the sacred of the philosopher just wouldn't only an issue of decision, but of philosophical comprehension of the speeches on real. Therefore, the secondconcept of triad, the Sense, the formal category of philosophy that allows the comprehension of what is essential in each category on dynamic of the Logic of Philosophy. The essential ofthe speech is understood at the horizon of sense and for each category to express itself in a speech, or even as a no-speech, the Sense appears at the perspective of understanding thelanguage in its inventiveness and poetical creativity, so that the Sense, like the sacred in its practical logic, is the field of theoretical comprehension of what is set discursively on severalphilosophical categories. Sacred and Sense express the issues of practical and theoretical, but the weilian thinking doesn't understand them closing in themselves, once they overflow to thesynthesis that is effected on Wisdom, namely, the third element of our hypothesis, that is characterized as the category that updates itself once the wiseman thinks about yourself action,join in his action both the theoretical and the practical of the speeches. The Wisdom concerns to the innermost relationship between the attitude and the category and the wiseman, the manof the presence, as well is the man of the Sense and in it, finally, philosophy meets to itself.
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Daniel da Fonseca Lins Junior. Sagrado, sentido e sabedoria uma trilha na filosofia de Eric Weil. Philosophy. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2017. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2017LIL30053⟩. ⟨tel-01939413⟩

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