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Dynamique d'un hydrofoil dans un fluide visqueux : algorithmes de couplage en IFS et application

Abstract : A numerical study of Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) in hydrodynamic case is adressed in this thesis. Thirstly, the analysis of coupling methods (staggered schemes) was established to an academic case. It corresponds to the resolution of non linear Burgers equation in a moving domain where the moving interface is assimilated to a mass spring system. According to the time discretisation and linearization of the coupled problem, four coupling scheme can be defined : explicit, semi-implicit, implicit-outer and implicit-inner. A comparative performance study in convergence and computing time were performed. The performance depends on the coupling scheme used. The explicit scheme requires less time compared to the others schemes. However it does not allow the mechanical energy conservation at the interface, inducing the stability issue of the numerical scheme. This instabilities does not arise for the implicit coupling algorithms because the energy conservation at the interface is fulfilled. lndeed, a convergence condition is added for implicit schemes. Even though these schemes require more computing time, they are necessary to get better precision. Inter alia, the fluid-structure interface analysis shows that the gap between the interface taken as the moving boundary and the structure position mostly depends on the actualization scheme of the chosen mesh.In the second part, the coupling algorithm study is extended to physical problem of FSI. A hydrofoil in heave and pitch immersed in a fluid flow is then studied. The equation of hydrofoil movement takes account the distance between the rotation center and the center of gravity. This causes the equation to be nonlinear and introduces a coupling of the two movements (heave and pitch) and a damping of the heave movement. The hydrofoil dynamic is studied for different configurations : forced movements or not, immersed in a fluid at rest or a flowing one. It shows that the hydrofoil movement is pseudo-periodic followed by a damping movement. The hydrodynamic forces tend to follow the same evolution and converge to an equilibrium point. The vibration study clearly shows a frequency modification of the system that depends on the fluid flow (at rest or with an inflow). The problem is also coupled to center of pressure position's equation which depends on the hydrofoil position and the fluid flow. The trend of the position presents a singularity when the lift and drag coefficients vanishes at the same time.Last part, the equation that take into account the inhomogeneous characteristic of the fluid at the fluid-structure interface as well as sheet cavitation in steady or unsteady case, was developed. The method allows the separation of the fluid variables when flowing around the fixed hydrofoil on one hand and the flow generated by the hydrofoil vibration one the other. This introduces an asymmetric added mass operator and an added damping operation due to the variation of the density of the fluid at the interface in unsteady case.The whole system results in a natural frequencies and amplitudes modulation over time.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 1:03:10 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01939303, version 1

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Tolotra Emerry Rajaomazava Iii. Dynamique d'un hydrofoil dans un fluide visqueux : algorithmes de couplage en IFS et application. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014BRES0062⟩. ⟨tel-01939303⟩

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