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Nonlinear network wave equations : periodic solutions and graph characterizations

Abstract : In this thesis, we study the discrete nonlinear wave equations in arbitrary finite networks. This is a general model, where the usual continuum Laplacian is replaced by the graph Laplacian. We consider such a wave equation with a cubic on-site nonlinearity which is the discrete φ4 model, describing a mechanical network of coupled nonlinear oscillators or an electrical network where the components are diodes or Josephson junctions. The linear graph wave equation is well understood in terms of normal modes, these are periodic solutions associated to the eigenvectors of the graph Laplacian. Our first goal is to investigate the continuation of normal modes in the nonlinear regime and the modes coupling in the presence of nonlinearity. By inspecting the normal modes of the graph Laplacian, we identify which ones can be extended into nonlinear periodic orbits. They are normal modes whose Laplacian eigenvectors are composed uniquely of {1}, {-1,+1} or {-1,0,+1}. We perform a systematic linear stability (Floquet) analysis of these orbits and show the modes coupling when the orbit is unstable. Then, we characterize all graphs for which there are eigenvectors of the graph Laplacian having all their components in {-1,+1} or {-1,0,+1}, using graph spectral theory. In the second part, we investigate periodic solutions that are spatially localized. Assuming a large amplitude localized initial condition on one node of the graph, we approximate its evolution by the Duffing equation. The rest of the network satisfies a linear system forced by the excited node. This approximation is validated by reducing the discrete φ4 equation to the graph nonlinear Schrödinger equation and by Fourier analysis. The results of this thesis relate nonlinear dynamics to graph spectral theory.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 12:45:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 29, 2019 - 3:18:10 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01939286, version 1


Imene Khames. Nonlinear network wave equations : periodic solutions and graph characterizations. Dynamical Systems [math.DS]. Normandie Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMIR04⟩. ⟨tel-01939286⟩



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