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, Étude des propriétés de transport et d'équilibration de la matière nucléaire dans le domaine de l'énergie de Fermi

, Établir l'équation d'état de la matière nucléaire requiert de définir de manière précise les conditions thermodynamiques (densité, température, asymétrie proton/neutron) dans lesquelles le systèmes évolue. Dans ce travail, nous abordons la problématique de l'état d'équilibration maximal qui est atteint dans les collisions entre ions lourds, en terme d'énergie et d'isospin. Pour cela, nous utilisons la base de données expérimentale du multi-détecteur INDRA construite par la collaboration au cours de ces 25 dernières années, Résumé L'équation d'état de la matière nucléaire est un outil primordial dans la description des collisions entre ions lourds, mais également dans la description de la formation d'objets ou de phénomènes astrophysiques (structure des étoiles à neutrons, fusion d'étoiles à neutron

. Mev/nucléon, arrêt de la matière nucléaire à la section efficace de collision nucléon-nucléon dans la matière nucléaire. Nous apportons également des éléments de réponse au regard du transport de l'isospin dans les collisions centrales à l'aide des rapports isobariques A = 3 construits à partir des tritons et des hélium-3. Ces différents résultats nous permettent de mettre en avant le nouveau dispositif expérimental mis en place par les collaborations INDRA et FAZIA : le multi-détecteur FAZIA. Ce dernier est le résultat d'une période de recherche et développement de dix ans, ayant abouti à un multi-détecteur embarquant son électronique numérique sous vide, avec des performances d'identification accrues (mesure de la charge, Nous présentons ainsi dans ce document

, Mots clés-matière nucléaire, collisions d'ions lourds, collisions centrales, énergie de Fermi, pouvoir d'arrêt