Les sociologies de la connaissance de Norbert Elias & Günter Dux comme outils (re) constructifs du concept de psychogenèse : pour une critique socio-historique de la notion de « nature créatrice »

Abstract : This work proposes a set of socio and psychogenetic analyzes, based on the sociologies of knowledge of Norbert Elias and Günter Dux, on the consequences that arise from the use of primary causes in the explanation of the phenomena of the world. Our challenge, in general terms, has been to make visible that the structure of logic, as a product of psychogenetic processes, has led in the past of our societies to invest primary causes of subjective characteristics, when it has not been reorganized into systemic terms by modernity’s sociogenetic transformations. The concept of "nature", forged and used by philosophy and naturalism in eighteenth-century Germany, is a clear example. We illustrate through our analyzes that, due to the structure of logic, "nature" was "creative" in the world view of the members of the German society of the time, that is to say, an entity with intentionality and ability to act.At the crossroads of historico-genetical epistemology and the sociology of knowledge, the inquiry begins with the place of the concept of "nature" in the philosophical systems of Emmanuel Kant and Johann Herder, in order to find its subjectivist foundation and the limitations it imposed, at the time, to the construction of a secular explanation of the mind. Then, in a second step, we illustrate some important transformations in the structure of logic, as much in the nineteenth-century biological and psychological theory as in the psychology and sociology of the twentieth century, leading to the systemic exploration of cognition through the concept of "psychogenesis". These clarifications establish the possibility, in our opinion, of considering the construction of scientific models whose aim, among other things, is to overcome the opposition "nature / culture" which affects today the theory of knowledge.
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David Sierra. Les sociologies de la connaissance de Norbert Elias & Günter Dux comme outils (re) constructifs du concept de psychogenèse : pour une critique socio-historique de la notion de « nature créatrice ». Sociologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAH012⟩. ⟨tel-01937784⟩

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