Plasticité des nanoparticules métalliques cubiques à faces centrées

Abstract : When characteristic dimensions decrease to nanometer, materials often exhibit different properties than those measured at higher scales. So, in terms of mechanical properties,increased resistance to plastic deformation is often reported. However, most research works in this domain focused on one dimensional systems like nanowires and nanopilars. Our knowledge concerning mechanical properties for another type of ’nano’ system, nanoparticles, are in fact much more limited. This is surprising, since they can be used in immense field of applications.The work presented here deals with the mechanical properties of spherical nanoparticles of face centered cubic metallic materials (aluminium, nickel, copper). They were conducted using molecular dynamics simulations under uniaxial compression. These last ones allow to analyze finely the mechanisms of plasticity at the atomic scale. Two main areas of study were selected :the influence of nanoparticle size and the orientation of the compression axis. Our results highlight the predominant role of contact surface geometry in the size range studied (4-80 nm) during the early stages of plastic deformation. We thus show that the latter influences the yield strength, as well as the plastic deformation mode, such as smearing.
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Selim Bel Haj Salah. Plasticité des nanoparticules métalliques cubiques à faces centrées. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ESMA0004⟩. ⟨tel-01936810⟩

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