Mahorais à La Réunion : entre dynamiques migratoires, stratégies d'adaptation et recompositions identitaires dans le quartier de La Chaumière

Abstract : Based on a long-term ethnography in La Chaumière district, this thesis wants to analyse the mahoran migration and the identity construction processes in Reunion island. The mahoran migrants become a challenge for local policies, it poses a question a what place for the mahoran migrants in the reunion society. Starting from a daily observation, these analysis of a delimitated territory – La Chaumière – makes it possible to understand the methods of migration, the adaptation strategies and the emergence of new territorialities of this population who comes from Mayotte Island and Comorian Union to Reunion Island from a departemental point of view. Moreover, this choice to study a group within a territorial framework delimited in a city where local policy tends to develop cultural and religious diversity allows to evaluate the various methods of migratory construction projects and the establishment of these French families from Mayotte Island. Coming from the lastest French department, the majority of its population is Muslim, with some bantu tradition and has massively emigrated in Reunion island since the 2000’s. These migration methods and these adaptation strategies are complex and challenge the cultural and cultual Reunion island cohabitation. A multiculturalism constantly questioned by the living place and unemployment problems, the increase of racist conflicts and speeches, and by the reflection of the reunion identity.
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Mélanie Mezzapesa. Mahorais à La Réunion : entre dynamiques migratoires, stratégies d'adaptation et recompositions identitaires dans le quartier de La Chaumière. Sociologie. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR051⟩. ⟨tel-01932434⟩

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