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Réalisation et caractérisation de composites particulaires métalliques utilisés comme dos de sondes ultrasonores hautes températures

Abstract : In the field of ultrasonic non-destructive testing, the use of ultrasonic transducer which can operate continuously at temperatures of at least 300 ° C. would be of great interest. For example, this could concern the health control of structures in the nuclear or petroleum industry. More fundamentally, such probes could also be used to characterize the mechanical behavior of a wide range of materials subjected to thermal stresses and, for example, to monitor the damage and aging of these materials. However, commercially, there are no ultrasonic probes that can operate at such temperatures, but this is still a research area.An ultrasonic probe consists of 3 main elements: the back, the active element and the front face. Active elements which can operate at very high temperatures exist, for example LiNbO 3 (curie temperature of 1350 ° C.). However, in order to obtain high-performance ultrasonic probes at high temperatures, it is necessary to optimize the properties and also the acoustic coupling of each of the three components of the probe. The back is an important element which, by attenuation of the wave emitted on the back of the active elements, allows to control the bandwidth and the sensitivity of the probes.The present thesis deals with the realization and characterization of metallic particulate composites used as backs of ultrasonic probes intended to operate at high temperatures. The composites are produced by uni-axial pressing of a matrix powder and a second diffuser. During this exploratory work, we developed a manufacturing protocol that allowed us to produce tin / sn composites with interesting acoustic properties (attenuation and impedance). To characterize our samples a bench of ultrasonic spectroscopy has been specifically implemented
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Redha Boubenia. Réalisation et caractérisation de composites particulaires métalliques utilisés comme dos de sondes ultrasonores hautes températures. Electronique. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTS047⟩. ⟨tel-01931260⟩

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