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RMN dans différents solvants partiellement orientés : pour la détermination de la structure, l’ordre et la conformation de molécules organiques

Abstract : NMR spectroscopy in weakly and highly orienting media is used as a route for dealing with orientational, positional, structural and conformational problems of a variety of small rigid and flexible organic molecules in solution. First, the very weak orientational order of a quasi-spherical molecule dissolved in a nematic phase is exploited for exploring the role of the different contributions to the observed dipolar coupling. In such a limit condition, a predominant effect of the non-rigid reorientation-vibration coupling term emerges. Then, NMR data obtained from small rigid probes dissolved in smectic solvents are combined with a statistical thermodynamic density functional theory, in order to measure the positional order parameters of both solutes and solvent. The methodology gives good results when applied to a conventional smectic A liquid crystal and to the more delicate case of an interdigitated smectic Ad phase. The strategy is subsequently extended to the investigation of structure, order and conformational equilibrium of flexible bioactive or biomimetic molecules dissolved in various partially ordered NMR solvents. A first experimental and theoretical study is presented on the symmetric single-rotor molecule of biphenyl dissolved in a thermotropic liquid crystal. This test-case indicates molecular dynamics simulations are a promising tool for estimating a set of dipolar couplings of a solute in a thermotropic solvent, to be used as starting set of parameters in a standard operator-mediated NMR spectral analysis. Then, we report the conformational study of some single- and two-rotor nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, belonging to the families of salicylates and profens, dissolved in weakly orienting chiral nematic PBLG phases. A new pulse sequence, the Gradient Encoded heTeronuclear 1H-19F SElective ReFocusing NMR experiment (GET-SERF), is proposed here for the trivial edition of all 1H-19F couplings in one single NMR experiment, for a given fluorine atom. Starting from homo- and heteronuclear dipolar couplings, difficult to extract in thermotropic solvents because of a too complex spectral analysis, the torsional distributions of such molecules can be satisfactory described by the Additive Potential model combined with the Direct Probability Description of the torsional distribution in terms of Gaussian functions (AP-DPD approach). Finally, the conformational and orientational study of two stilbenoids displaying cooperative torsions is discussed in both a highly and weakly ordering liquid crystal phase. This comparative study allows to draw some conclusions on reliability, accuracy and accessibility of desired data in the two phases. Overall, this work proves NMR in liquid crystals is a flexible and meaningful tool for studying order, structure and conformation and it can greatly benefit from the availability of several aligning media inducing a different degree of order.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 21, 2018 - 1:01:15 AM
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Maria Enrica Di Pietro. RMN dans différents solvants partiellement orientés : pour la détermination de la structure, l’ordre et la conformation de molécules organiques. Other. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI; Università degli studi della Calabria. Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie Chimiche, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PA112309⟩. ⟨tel-01929100⟩

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