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Développement et optimisation de capteurs de gaz à base de silicium : analyse des composés organiques volatils contenus dans l’air expiré par les patients atteints d’insuffisance cardiaque

Abstract : The work presented in this manuscript is part of the European project « Hearten », « A co-operative mHealth environment targeting adherence and management of patients suffering from Heart Failure (HF) ». The actors of this project are seeking for developing a multi-competence network platform whose goal is the early diagnosis and follow-up of patients with heart failure. It allows the recording of various vital parameters of these patients, such as blood pressure, weight, biomolecules contained in biofluids, and their immediate consultation by the different actors in charge of patient follow-up.The objective of research presented in this manuscript is to develop a portable conductometric gas sensor, allowing the measurement of characteristic VOCs of HF syndrome in exhaled air by patients. Acetone molecule, known in the literature as one of the most discriminating biomarkers of HF, has been particularly targeted. The sensor thus designed is based on pairs of gold interdigitated microelectrode etched on a silicon substrate. The sensitive part of the sensor consists of a polymeric membrane sensitive to acetone and electro-deposited on the surface of the sensor. The geometrical parameters of the µIDES have been analyzed and optimized during these works to improve the response and sensitivity of the sensor. A gas analysis platform including all the instrumentation associated with our sensor has been developed. The instrumentation parameters have also been analyzed and optimized for the same purpose.We studied two types of polymeric membranes sensitive to acetone. The first sensitive layer developed was based on the co-polymerization of a polymer and doping nanomaterials, chitosan and zeolites. The second sensitive layer developed was based on the co-polymerization of polypyrrole and metallophthalocyanines. The developed sensor provides optimal performance for this project, including a detection limit in the order of ppm level, as well as very short response and recovery times. The sensor can therefore be considered in the case of clinical measurements.The use of this sensor in the case of clinical measurements is very promising because it allows to analyze several samples in real time, and those over a period of operation of more than one week. Rapid diagnosis and patient management is therefore facilitated by this device, whose manufacturing costs are very low
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Submitted on : Monday, November 19, 2018 - 3:04:07 PM
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Selim Boudjaoui. Développement et optimisation de capteurs de gaz à base de silicium : analyse des composés organiques volatils contenus dans l’air expiré par les patients atteints d’insuffisance cardiaque. Chimie analytique. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1113⟩. ⟨tel-01926908⟩

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