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Etudes psychopathologiques quantitatives d’enfants intellectuellement surdoués : associations avec l’inhomogénéité intellectuelle

Abstract : Mental health in intellectually gifted children (IQ ≥ 130) raises scientific questions because of their supposed psychological vulnerability. The main objective of the thesis was to explore the psychopathological profiles of clinically-referred gifted children, and to investigate cognitive, emotional and behavioral factors associated with mental health in gifted children. A quantitative psychopathological investigation of a group (n = 143) of gifted children who were clinically-referred for academic and/or social adaptation problems showed significant and varied emotional and behavioral problems. Internalized problems predominated over externalized ones. A very high IQ (≥ 145) was not associated with more emotional and behavioral problems. An inhomogeneous intellectual profile was associated with significantly more emotional and behavioural problems, particularly externalized ones, and more particularly aggressive ones. Intellectuel inhomogeneity was also associated with more complex emotional and behavioral syndromes (mixed syndromes). Further investigations of intellectual inhomogeneity in the same group of gifted children and in two other ones similarily recruited (n = 111 and 12; respectively) suggested its significant association with certain psychopathological variables, particularly emotional dysregulation and heterogeneity of Piagetian reasoning processes. Finally, a school-based study among 118 secondary school students suggested that intellectual inhomogeneity had a negative relationship with self-esteem among intellectually gifted youth. The main result of the thesis is the evidence for an association in intellectually gifted children between the inhomogeneity of the intellectual profile and certain psychopathological and mental health variables in clinical and school settings. Additional studies are however needed in odrer to better the significance of intellectual giftedness in children and its potentially associated psychological vulnerabilities.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 16, 2018 - 1:13:07 PM
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Fabian Guenolé. Etudes psychopathologiques quantitatives d’enfants intellectuellement surdoués : associations avec l’inhomogénéité intellectuelle. Psychiatrie et santé mentale. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLV044⟩. ⟨tel-01924953⟩



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