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La conception de l'immortalité de l'âme dans les dialogues de Platon : sources et enjeux

Abstract : The demonstration of immortality of soul in Plato’s dialogues, notably in Phædo, has been the object of many commentaries : as a result, it has been for a long time the major reference about this question. So, this thesis’ purpose is accomplishing the « deconstruction » of Plato’s writings about soul’s survival : when he begins to know his own being, every human might have spontaneous intuitions which make he thinks his soul survive after body’s death. Maybe such intuitions underlie this concept in Plato’s dialogues : so, what does Plato, explicitly or not, tell about these intuitions ? Which human features underlie his eschatological myths ? In order to try to answer these questions, the actual commentary of Plato’s explanations concering immortality of soul will be the object of thesis’ first part : this commentary will forget neither the context of dialogues nor Plato’s philosophical, ethical and politcal whole plans. This exegesis will lay the foundations for an analysis of links betweem the concept of soul’s survival after body’s death and human specificity’s major aspects which Plato mentions in his explanations ; the last part will try to summarize what has been previously presented and will propose some hypothesis in order to identify human feelings which constitute the source of belief in soul’s immortality and to see if these feelings were Plato’s ones or not. As a result, the thesis will come full circle and might contradict some wrongly widespread ideas concerning Plato.
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Benoît Quinquis. La conception de l'immortalité de l'âme dans les dialogues de Platon : sources et enjeux. Philosophie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BRES0108⟩. ⟨tel-01924664⟩



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