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Modèle hydrodynamique de transistor MOSFET et méthodes numériques, pour l'émission et la détection d'onde électromagnétique THz.

Abstract : Due to its interesting properties, the electromagnetic THz frequency range may lead to numerous technological applications, ranging from imaging to spectroscopy or even communications. However, technological constraints prevented the efficient emission and detection of such waves with conventional electronics, leading to the idea of the terahertz gap. In the last decades, multiple novel solutions to resolve this gap have been proposed. Amongst these, one may find the use of simple field effect transistors as the most promising one. Their production benefits from currently available CMOS technology thus drastically decreasing the fabrication cost of such a device while allowing it to be easily integrated within electronic circuits. The mechanism behind the emission and detection is the interaction between THz electromagnetic radiations and current oscillations, that is plasma waves, in the transistor's channel. This channel forms a cavity for plasma oscillations, hence, the device may act either resonantly or non-resonantly, depending on various parameters. This thesis deals with the numerical simulation of the transistor in different regimes using hydrodynamical models. These models account for multiple phenomena that have been considered in previous theoretical studies. Some theoretical results on both the emission and detection of THz radiation are presented. In the non-resonant case, we study how one can increase the linear regime of detection. In the resonant case, we show the existence of unexpected resonance frequencies, enlarging the detection spectrum of such detectors.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 15, 2018 - 11:13:09 AM
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Mirijason Richard Razafindrakoto. Modèle hydrodynamique de transistor MOSFET et méthodes numériques, pour l'émission et la détection d'onde électromagnétique THz.. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTS035⟩. ⟨tel-01923358⟩

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