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Etude de la fissuration des bois tropicaux par mesures des champs

Abstract : The objective of the present work is to study experimentally and numerically the crackingbehavior of tropical woods from the Gabonese forest, namely : Milicia excelsa (iroko), Aucoumeaklaineana pierre (okume) and Pterocarpus soyauxii (padouk). This study focuseson the crack growth process in crack opening mode and mixed mode of these three speciesusing Modified Tension Shear (CTS) and Mixed Mode Crack Growth (MMCG) specimens.The specimens are mounted in an Arcan system and placed in an electromechanical testingmachine. The grid method is used to measure the displacement and strains fields near the tipcrack. These maps make it possible to obtain the opening and the length of the crack duringthe tests. The curves force showing the face as a function of the crack opening are deducedfrom the measurements. The experimental critical energy release rate G is evaluated by thecompliance method in imposed displacement. The results show an effect of the thickness oncracking. These results also made it possible to demonstrate a proportionality of the densitywith the parameters of rupture of these species. In mixed mode, after decoupling the modes(separation of mode 1 and mode 2), the values of G are presented as a function of to the cracklength. For Okume, for example, it was observed that the ratios of the energy release ratesof the two modes are constant, which justifies the intrinsic character of the cracking parameterswere obtained. Comparisons made with results from the literature review on temperatespecies of the same density showed similarities.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 14, 2018 - 5:03:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01922757, version 1

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Bernard Odounga. Etude de la fissuration des bois tropicaux par mesures des champs. Génie civil. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018CLFAC015⟩. ⟨tel-01922757⟩

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