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Stress and strain amplification in non-Newtonian fluids filled with spherical and anisometric particles

Abstract : A numerical study of dilute suspensions based on a non-Newtonian matrix fluid and rigid spheroidal particles is performed. A Carreau fluid describes the non-Newtonian matrix. The special case of rigid spherical particles is considered. Here, a uniaxial elongational flow around a sphere is simulated and numerical homogenization is used to obtain the bulk viscosity of the dilute suspension for different applied rates of deformation and different thinning exponents. In the Newtonian regime the well-known Einstein result for the viscosity of a dilute suspension of rigid spherical particles is obtained. In the power-law regime it is found that the intrinsic viscosity depends only on the thinning exponent. Utilizing the simulation results a modification of the Carreau model for dilute suspensions with a non-Newtonian matrix fluid is proposed. To investigate the influence of the particle shape another numerical study is performed. In particular, different flows around spheroidal particles with different orientations are simulated and numerical homogenization is used to obtain the intrinsic viscosity of the suspension as function of applied rate of deformation, thinning exponent and aspect ratio. From the results it is possible to extract the rheological coefficients of the Lipscomb model. In the Newtonian regime the simulation results coincide with Lipscomb’s predictions. In the power-law regime the rheological coefficients depend strongly on the thinning exponent. Furthermore, simulation results indicate that the rheological coefficients additionally depend on the particle orientation in the non-linear regime.
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Jan Domurath. Stress and strain amplification in non-Newtonian fluids filled with spherical and anisometric particles. Materials. Université de Bretagne Sud, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LORIS478⟩. ⟨tel-01922115⟩

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