L'histoire de la documentation des oeuvres d' art du 17e au 21e siècle : les impacts des technologies optiques et numériques sur les pratiques documentaires des galeries nationales à Londres, Ottawa et Washington D.C.

Abstract : This research examines the divergences and convergences across the histories of three national galleries, in England, Canada and the United States, providing evidence of a common model that emanates particularly from two types of institutions that appeared in England during the 17th century: public museums founded on scientific and populist principles, and private art galleries anchored in elitist traditions. The national galleries compared in this study constitute hybrids in conflict with the original antagonistic models. But their most striking similarities reside in the evolution of their respective documentation practices. The continued struggle to truly integrate technologies in the documentation of art betrays the difficult heritage between these two opposing models. Throughout the unique historical trajectories of these institutions, there was little proof that optical or digital technologies had had important repercussions on the methodologies or the philosophies of the documentation of works of art. On the contrary, it was observed that documentation, even in digital form, continued to rely on minimal standards of data gathering, restricted groups of persons trained to collect data, and limited access to any data captured. This research reinforces the need to redefine museum documentation in order to rethink its strategies and guiding philosophies, to enable new research into museum collections, and to enlarge the integration of digital technologies into the process.
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Sheila K. Hoffman. L'histoire de la documentation des oeuvres d' art du 17e au 21e siècle : les impacts des technologies optiques et numériques sur les pratiques documentaires des galeries nationales à Londres, Ottawa et Washington D.C.. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H014⟩. ⟨tel-01922036⟩

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