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Signalisation chimique du Quorum Sensing bactérien : Conception, synthèse et évaluation biologique de mimes d'autoinducteurs et d'analogues d'agrocinopines

Abstract : Over the past decades, it has been recognized that the social communication of bacteria either play a beneficial role or can worse pathogenicity in plant and human health. The language of bacteria used for communication are signal molecules called auto-inducers (AIs), which are regulated by themselves. This specific bacterial regulation process is termed as “quorum sensing (QS)”, by which bacteria coordinate various phenotypes such as biofilm formation or virulence factors in many microorganisms. To artificially alter the QS response of bacteria through design of QS chemical signal molecules for improving the pathogenicity have attracted the attention with innovative antibacterial strategies. Two chemical approaches towards bacteria QS have been studied in this thesis. One contributed to the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel QS inhibitors, another focused on the investigation of the role of agrocinopine and analogues in QS regulation in a specific bacteria Agrobacterium tumefaciens (AT). Both aimed at improving basic knowledge on QS biological processes in bacteria. The first part figured out the chirality-activity relationship of Acyl Homoserine Lactones (AHLs), studied the replacement of the central amide group of AHLs by heterocyclic scaffolds, and designed a family of nitroaniline derivatives as LuxR-regulated QS inhibitors. The L-one of enantiomeric AHLs was found to be predominant in QS modulation, and some AHLs unrelated nitroaniline compounds were capable of inhibiting LuxR type of QS, whereas the bioactivity of heterocyclic scaffolds depends on its substitution sites. The second part elaborated the mechanism by which agrocinopine A and its analogues were able to involve QS process, and activate virulence spread in AT. A series of analogues of agrocinopine A have been synthetized for investigating their binding properties with AccA. A specific key pyranose-2-phosphate motif has been identified to be responsible for both antibiotic import and QS regulation in AT.
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Sizhe Li. Signalisation chimique du Quorum Sensing bactérien : Conception, synthèse et évaluation biologique de mimes d'autoinducteurs et d'analogues d'agrocinopines. Microbiologie et Parasitologie. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEI022⟩. ⟨tel-01920903⟩

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