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3D modelling of Soft soil Improvement by Rigid Inclusions - Complex and Cyclic loading

Abstract : The aim of the study is to investigate the soil improvement by rigid inclusions under complex and cyclic loadings, and to highlight the effect of some parameters related to complex and cyclic loading on the system behavior.Concerning the static complex loading, footings over rigid inclusion-reinforced soil without mattress subjected to centered, eccentrically vertical and horizontal loads, and load cycles are first studied. Numerical and experimental approaches are presented. Monitored and numerical results permit to show the behavior of these reinforced systems in terms of stresses on the inclusion head and soft soil, vertical and lateral displacements of the footings and lateral displacement of the inclusions. The efficiency of the reinforced footing is also presented and compared to the unreinforced one.A 3D modeling of the foundation solutions for wind turbines is presented. The combination of vertical loading and different moments applied to the foundation is taken into account. The inclusion-improved soft soil under footing is considered as a foundation option and, compared to classical ones (shallow foundation and piled raft). The obtained results are illustrated concerning the ground surface settlements, the foundation rotations, the axial forces and bending moments of the reinforcements. The numerical results indicate that the soil improvement technique by rigid inclusions can be an appropriate solution for the wind turbine foundations.With regard to the cyclic aspects, three main concerns are studied. Firstly, the numerical modeling of laboratory tests on a soil improvement by rigid inclusions subjected to monotonic loading and a limited load cycles is carried out, in which the hypoplasticity (HYP) model is used to model the load transfer platform (LTP). The numerical results are validated against both the experimental data and numerical ones of Houda (2016). The influence of the boundary condition and soft soil state are figured out. The numerical results indicate that it is possible to address the cyclic behavior of the rigid inclusion-reinforced soil by using the HYP model.Secondly, a piled embankment under a high number of cyclic loadings is studied. Two different levels of complexity for the constitutive models are used (HYP and a simpler one the linear elastic perfectly plastic constitutive model with a shear criteria of Mohr-Coulomb). These models were considered to model the behavior of the LTP and analyze the cyclic behavior of the system. The HYP model is then suggested for the following studies since it can capture well the arching decrease and the cumulated settlements under the load cycles number. The effect of the parameters that are load cycles number, amplitude and frequency (induced by traffic speed), and embankment height is illustrated as well.Finally, a study on the cyclic response of a GRPS embankment is conducted. By comparing the geosynthetic-reinforced pile-supported (GRPS) embankment with the piled embankment (PE), the role of the geosynthetic is verified under static and cyclic loading aspects. The influence of the load cycles number and the geosynthetic layers number on the arching effect and cumulative settlements is shown as well.
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van Hung Pham. 3D modelling of Soft soil Improvement by Rigid Inclusions - Complex and Cyclic loading. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAI057⟩. ⟨tel-01920663⟩

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