Cryptographie de l'identité

Abstract : During this Thesis we investigated the possibilities that Identity-based Encryption offers when used out of their original purpose. We managed to generalize a whole class of different identity-based encryption schemes into Downgradable Identity-based Encryptions. We found a generic way to construct Blind Identity-based Encryptions. These two works leads both to applications that are not a priori linked with IBE: Attribute-based Encryption from Downgradable IBE and Oblivious Transfer for Blind IBE, in the case of Affine IBE we manage to reduce the communication cost from a linear to logarithmic. As application we also find a way to use Hierarchical IBE to construct a special type of signature called Identity-based Designated Verifier Signature. We continue the research out of the context of IBE's application with Oblivious Transfer. We manage to generalize the concept of Oblivious Transfer into a new protocol called Oblivious Language-based Envelope encompassing many kind of protocols. Finally, in the image of the whole Thesis we construct Oblivious Transfer with a very different primitive called Password Authenticated Key Exchange. Surprisingly, with some optimizations this last transformation leads to a very efficient Oblivious Transfer Protocol. The Identity-based Encryption is our main basis of work, thus efficient instantiations of this primitive were the key of our own efficiency, thus we used the instanciation from the paper of Blazy et als at crypto 2014 which is efficient, tight secure and affine.
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Paul Germouty. Cryptographie de l'identité. Cryptography and Security [cs.CR]. Université de Limoges, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LIMO0041⟩. ⟨tel-01920497⟩

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