Développement d’une méthode de mesure de charges d’espace appliquée aux isolateurs de postes sous enveloppe métallique (PSEM) pour la haute tension à courant continu

Abstract : The trend today is to develop high voltage direct current (HVDC) technology for the future electric network because it offers some advantages for the transmission on long distances. The development of HVDC networks leads to an increasing need of gas insulated substations (GIS). A problem to be dealt with when an insulator is subjected to a continuous electric field is the variation of the resistivity with the electric field and the temperature and the accumulation of space charges that can lead to dielectric breakdown. In alumina-filled epoxy resin, used as insulating material for GIS spacer, the influence of space charge start to come out when the electric fields exceed several kV/mm, corresponding to values envisaged for the future HVDC GIS.Despite that non-destructive methods exist to determine the space charge distribution in solid insulators, none of them are directly applicable to insulation structures installed in the HVDC GIS.So, the main objective of this work is to design and set up a measurement technique to observe the internal electric field and the accumulated charges. The developed method must be non-destructive and adapted for a cylindrical geometry of an insulator used as a busbar insulation support.By using the experimental bench set up, the behavior of the composite material regarding the space charge will be studied, in particular according to different thermoelectric stresses. The final aim is to contribute to the optimization of the design of this type of insulator, based on the results from space charge measurements.
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Phanuel Séraphine Mbolo Noah. Développement d’une méthode de mesure de charges d’espace appliquée aux isolateurs de postes sous enveloppe métallique (PSEM) pour la haute tension à courant continu. Electronique. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTS038⟩. ⟨tel-01919821⟩

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