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Le Brésil avant et après Brasilia : bilan de 50 ans d'un changement de capitale

Abstract : In 1956, the freshly elected president, Juscelino Kubitschek, took the decision to move the nation's capital from Rio de Janeiro to the center of the country. Constructed in record a little over 3 years, Brasilia was born as an icon of modernist architecture in the heart of the sterile Brazilian "cerrado". This capital represented a symbol of the movement to modernize, to integrate and to re-center the country. The symbol of the country's dynamism and also its desire to construct a new Brazil with a new national identity. Thus reflected in this new capital are more than the political and intellectual ideas of a country but the traces of the country struggle with itself to through restructuration achieve a measure of social justice long awaited. This thesis presents the evolutions of the country between the years 1960 and 2010. We have chosen to adopt an analysis based on three principal axes: geographic-political, economic and social. The accent is placed on a general evaluation of the situation of the country in its whole over the last 50 years, of its changes, and the things that don't. In a second time we have examined the impact of Brasilia in the overall scenario, not only as a symbolic urban conception, but also as a living and human entity over the course of its fifty year history.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 9, 2018 - 2:45:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 12, 2020 - 3:42:14 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 10, 2019 - 2:11:17 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01917517, version 1


Sonia Coelho Sutton. Le Brésil avant et après Brasilia : bilan de 50 ans d'un changement de capitale. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H059⟩. ⟨tel-01917517⟩



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