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Couverture d'un mot bidimensionnel par un motif chevauchant

Abstract : We study the notion of quasiperiodicity, introduced by Apostolico and Ehrenfeucht at the beginning of the 1990's, then extended to infinite words by Solomon Marcus at the beginning of the 2000's. A (finite or infinite) word w is quasiperiodic if it can be covered by occurrences, possibly overlapping, of another finite word, call its quasiperiod. In 2006, Monteil and Marcus introduced a stronger notion: multi-scale quasiperiodicity, the property of having infinitely many quasiperiods.First we study quasiperiodicity of two-dimensional infinite words. We show that, by contrast with the one-dimensional case where quasiperiodicity do not force any property on infinite words, there exist quasiperiods q which force 2D q-quasiperiodic words to have zero entropy. We also show that multi-scale quasiperiodicity in two dimension force the existence of uniform frequencies for factors.Then we give results on infinite words in one dimension. Most notably we give a method to determine the quasiperiods of an infinite words from its square and special factors. We show that the family of periodic words and standard Sturmian words are characterizable in terms of multi-scale quasiperiodicity.
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Guilhem Gamard. Couverture d'un mot bidimensionnel par un motif chevauchant. Théorie et langage formel [cs.FL]. Université Montpellier, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MONTS027⟩. ⟨tel-01916701⟩

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