Représentations et pratiques de l'éducation interculturelle institutionnelle et parentale dans un contexte diglossique : le cas de La Réunion

Abstract : The representations and practices of school education and family education on a multicultural island are concomitant with intercultural education, especially in an environment where a diglossic situation exists. Indeed, the French language, the administrative language, is "considered superior" to the Creole language, the local Reunion language. This diglossic context does not act in the interest of pupils having as mother tongue and family, the Creole language. In other words, the devaluation of the local language for the benefit of the administrative language does not allow for equal educational support for pupils, particularly in their schooling. Also, the devaluation of their language, and therefore their culture of origin (because the Creole language La Reunion has a history and it is through it that the Reunionnais recognize themselves) does not offer them full bloom. The blossoming is acknowledged to be at the origin of all success. What we are interested in in our research is the representations that the young people in school have of this gap between the school culture and the family culture, in particular the representations of the gap between the two languages, knowing that the family language many of them do not occupy the same position in La Reunion. This research has enabled us to see how our young schoolchildren in La Reunion see education in relation to their family education, particularly through language and the place of interculturality in our island. We have found, therefore, that our young people oppose an internal interculturality of what they live with their families to a prescribed social school culture. In conclusion, we can question the existing gap between language, and therefore family culture and administrative school culture. The aim was not to question the French administration, but to truly and solely to give gratitude to everything that affects the human being in the depths of itself. We therefore propose a more open education towards intercultural and a valorisation of the culture of others.
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Marie Davilla Verdun. Représentations et pratiques de l'éducation interculturelle institutionnelle et parentale dans un contexte diglossique : le cas de La Réunion. Education. Université de la Réunion, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LARE0049⟩. ⟨tel-01913448⟩

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