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Développement et caractérisation du comportement thermomécanique des matériaux composites TRC

Abstract : In order to strengthen and protect civil engineering structures from fires, a research program was undertaken for the development of new TRC composite materials. The TRC composite generally consists of two components, the textile reinforcement and the cement matrix. The new composites of the project are formulated with an inorganic phosphate cement or an aluminous matrix with continuous textile reinforcements using glass, carbon or hybrids. The purpose of this work is to examine and develop TRC that meets the thermomechanical performance criteria. The first level of design is to define a characterization methodology, which identifies the thermomechanical characteristics and physicochemical properties of TRC subjected to high temperature. Several coupled thermal and mechanical loading regimes as well as thermal analyses were applied and taken into account for different TRC formulations. In a first experimental part, the nature of the matrix and the cooling effect on the thermomechanical behaviour of TRC were studied. The second part of the experimental work explores the thermomechanical and thermo-physico-chemical behaviour of two families of TRC. The first family of TRC was formed of a phosphate cement and E-glass textile. It examines the bond that can be developed through the fibre-matrix interface by two different geometries of textile. The effectiveness of the reinforcement is then improved by a pre-impregnation by a resin epoxy. The second family of TRC deals with the reinforcement of an aluminous matrix by carbon grids. This family has undergone several changes. Filling of the matrix with alumina and micron glass was not sufficient to improve the behaviour of TRC. A new carbon grid was then used and layers of Mat AR glass fibres were inserted into the matrix. These layers of Mat AR created good thermal insulation but presented a delamination problem. Finally, the addition of polypropylene fibres in an aluminous mortar with graded granulometry showed satisfactory results. After the search and validation of the most efficient TRC, the "heat shield" function of insulating materials was processed to improve the thermomechanical stability of TRC
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Tala Tlaiji. Développement et caractérisation du comportement thermomécanique des matériaux composites TRC. Génie civil. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1116⟩. ⟨tel-01912621⟩

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