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Miroir familial et agirs sexuels violents d'adolescents : intérêt d'une clinique évaluative

Abstract : It is commonly recognized by psychodynamic model clinicians, who undertook intrapsychic exploration approaches, that a teenager responsible of violent sexual acts experiences a paradoxal psyche redevelopment of his links towards his parent figures and a blockade of his separation-individuation process.There is no research focusing on easing or inhibitor factors of the separation-individuation process of these teenagers, whereas the violent sexual acting is meant to belong to a development continuum, specific to the puberty period. There might be then a need to lead the problematic further. One factor that has a great influence on the separation-individuation process during puberty has not been much investigated until now: it is the unconscious psyche capacity of the family group to offer a space of separation-individuation during this development phase.The hypothesis of this research is that the blockade these teenagers suffer from is related to a greater difficulty of the family group those teenagers belong to, to achieve on its part this separation psyche work which it is responsible for, during this development phase.Thanks to the familial psychoanalytic and psychodynamic concepts of “Familial Depressive Position” (Roman, 1999), “Familial Mirror” (Cuynet, 2001, after our proposition for puberty, Bernard, 2016) and “Unconscious Image of the Familial Body” (Cuynet, 2005, 2010) we have created a clinical device to evaluate this particular dimension of the separation inside the family group. This device includes semi-structured interviews with family projective tests such as “The Familial Projective Genography” (Cuynet, 2001) and “The Dreamhouse Drawing Test” (Cuynet, 2005).This evaluation device has been tested and the separation dimension has been evaluated thanks to interviews with teenagers concerned by this situation in their family. The result of this research through in-depth case studies brought to light the interest of such a device for the study of the separation dimension but also to set up extended hypotheses about the comprehension of the problematic and the acting of the teenagers taking part to the device.The analyses of all the case studies show the difficulty the family group has to offer a differentiation space that is however necessary for the teenager during this period. Those analyses are then in favor of the validation of the hypothesis. Taking into account the state of the familial depressive position of the group and the familial mirror thus constituted and applying them, could be factors considered as therapeutic solutions to enable the psyche evolution of those teenagers. They could also represent a useful working basis in the fight against the transgenerational transmission that is frequently observed with this problematic.
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Alexandra Bernard. Miroir familial et agirs sexuels violents d'adolescents : intérêt d'une clinique évaluative. Psychologie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BESA1017⟩. ⟨tel-01911972⟩

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